The Egyptian Air Force has more than 200 F-16s, first procured in the
early 1980s. The air force has been awaiting delivery of 20 F-16 Block 52+
fighters from Lockheed Martin.
"Furthermore, while Egypt continues to acquire growing
numbers of F-16s, the Air Force has suffered from a steady number of crashed
aircraft and poor systems integration," the report, released earlier this month, said.
Egypt receives $1.3 billion in annual U.S. military aid. The
administration of President Barack Obama has pledged to continue to fund the
Egyptian military in wake of the ouster of President Hosni Mubarak.
The report said Egypt has also accumulated a large air defense network.
Egypt was also said to have installed chemical warheads for its Scud missile
"Egypt has an unknown number of Scud-Bs, and at least 9-12 mobile TEL
launchers," the report said. "There are a number of reports that it has
operational Scud-Cs that it produced using technology it obtained from North
Korea. Reports indicate that the CIA detected Egyptian imports of Scud-C
production technology in 1996."
The report said Egypt's military has been hampered by continued reliance
on conscription and the militarization of social welfare. Cordesman
determined that Egypt, with a $3.4 billion defense budget, has become more
dependent on U.S. aid than any other country in the Middle East.
"It is unlikely that this trend will change, making U.S. assistance all
that more essential to Egypt's long term plans for military procurement,"
the report said.