Authored by Meir Elran, the report said Israel has improved civil
defense since the Hizbullah war in 2006, in which 4,500 rockets and missiles
fell on the Jewish state. But Elran warned that Israel remained unprepared
for a major multi-front missile attack.
"There is a natural tendency to paint rosy pictures, and indeed there
have been important improvements, particularly if 2006 is the basis for
comparison," the report said. "However, it is doubtful whether these
improvements adequately match the developing security threat. Only a
regulated process of measuring preparedness will give realistic answers to
this critical question."
In June, Israel held its annual civil defense exercise, the fifth
since 2007. The exercise contained numerous and updated threat scenarios
included sustained missile and rocket strikes on cities.
"Problems of coordination exist not just between government ministries
but also between the governmental headquarters on the one hand and their
regional extensions and agencies on the other, as well as among the various
first responders and their interaction with the local government," the
The report said civilian authorities were unable to form a civil defense
infrastructure that could even approach the efficiency of the military.
Elran said this failure was demonstrated in the latest exercise.
"This severe deficiency must be systemically addressed, from the bottom
up," the report said.