U.S. officials said the Khartoum regime has mobilized thousands of
fighters in the Darfour province. They said the effort focused on the
recruitment of the Janjaweed and other regime-aligned Arab militias.
Officials said the Arab militias were being employed as proxies for the
regime in the war against black rebel groups. They said the Arab militias
were told they could keep the booty seized from black villages.
On Nov. 9, Sudan agreed to ban what was termed "hostile flights" over
Darfour, Middle East Newsline reported. But the officials said the United States did not expect that this
would halt ground fighting as well as Arab attacks on black villages in
Officials said the regime was not all to blame for the continuation of
the conflict. They said rebel groups in Darfour were provoking authorities
by abducting Arabs in the province.
The United Nations Mission in Sudan has reported military attacks on
villages in southern Darfour as well as tribal clashes in three villages. In
Darfour, aid agencies operating in the Zam Zam camp reported an increased
presence of armed tribesmen around the camp.
"We've seen the mobilization of thousands of Arab militia in areas of
west and south Darfour," State Department spokesman Richard Boucher said on
The New York-based Human Rights Watch has warned that Khartoum intends
to continue its policy of ethnic cleansing. The group said the April 2004
ceasefire has been a farce with rebel groups also abducting civilians.
"The government in particular has continued to use helicopter gunships
in bombing attacks on civilian objects," the report said. "Fighting and
displacement continue, particularly in South Darfour."