A secret arrangement between Iran and North Korea has permitted the testing, development and export of intermediate-range missiles even during North Korean's ban on missile launches.
Teheran is funding and aiding North Korea in the development of
advanced missiles and components for eventual export to Iran and other Middle East nations according to a new book by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
The book, "Deadly Arsenals: Tracking Weapons of Mass Destruction," said
Iranian funding helped North Korea develop such missiles as the short-range
Scud-B, the medium-range Scud-C and the intermediate-range No-Dong. North
Korea has supplied all of these missiles to Teheran, Middle East Newsline reported.
Authors Joseph Cirincione, Jon Wolfsthal and Miriam Rajkumar said
Iranian tests of its liquid-fuel Shihab-3 and the solid-fuel Fateh-110 might
have provided valuable data for North Korea's missile programs. North Korea
has banned launches of intermediate-range missiles since its 1998 flight of
the Taepo Dong-1. The Taepo Dong was described as a three-stage rocket that
included a Scud B variant, a No-Dong and a third unidentified solid-fuel
"North Korea is the leading exporter of ballistic missiles in the world
and has sold missiles and missile production capabilities to Egypt, Iran,
Libya, Pakistan, and Syria," the book said. "North Korea may also be gaining
important flight test information from missiles being tested in other
countries, such as Iran, and continues to conduct ground-based testing of
missile engines and components."
The book asserted that Teheran is believed to have obtained North Korean
help to establish Iranian missile production capabilities. This has allowed
Iran to enter the missile export market and offer systems and components to
such countries as Libya.
North Korea is the leading exporter of ballistic missiles to the
developing world, and its exports have continued despite its flight-test
moratorium," the book said. "States that have received missiles from North
Korea include Iran, Libya, Pakistan, and Syria. Egypt may also have received
some systems from Pyongyang."