The intelligence community said Hizbullah has both short- and long-range
rockets that could strike deep within Israel. Over the last two years,
officials said, Iran expanded Hizbullah's authority to conduct strategic
rocket attacks against the Jewish state.
"Before the last war, Iran kept tight control over all long-range
rockets," an official said. "Today, Hizbullah controls the operations of
Hizbullah's arsenal also contains advanced anti-tank guided missiles
from Russia. Officials said this included the AT-14 Kornet, used in the 2006
war with Israel.
In 2008, the assessment said, Hizbullah expanded its authority in
Lebanon. The intelligence community said Hizbullah controls the military and
much of the government as well as Beirut International Airport.
The latest Israeli intelligence assessment has been disputed. Yoram
Kehati, a leading researcher at the state-financed Intelligence and
Terrorism Information Center, said Hizbullah has not increased its force or
rocket and missile arsenal since early 2006.
"The number of [Hizbullah] rockets is not known," Kehati said.
Officials said the United Nations has failed to block the return of
Hizbullah to the Israeli border. They said the UN Interim Force in Lebanon
has refused to act on Israeli intelligence of Hizbullah weapons shipments
and troop movements.
"UNIFIL is consumed by the need for force protection and does not want a
confrontation with Hizbullah," the official said. "That means UNIFIL does
Israel has urged European Union members of UNIFIL to increase efforts to
stop Hizbullah infiltration south of Lebanon's Litani River. But the
officials said EU countries, particularly France, were moving toward a
reconciliation with such Hizbullah allies as Syria.
"Israel will not be able to accept the ongoing and growing undercutting
of UN Security Council Resolution 1701, which is not being implemented, and
the continued smuggling of all types of weapons into Lebanon, upsetting the
delicate balance along Israel's northern border," Israeli Defense Minister
Ehud Barak said.